Studi Fenomenologi Tentang Anak-Anak Terlantar Berkaitan Dengan Hak Sosialnya Dalam Bidang Pendidikan Di Nusa Tenggara Barat
The number of abandoned children nationally in Indonesia in 2011 reached 5.4 million people. Data in the same year in the province of West Nusa Tenggara, abandoned children reached 201 699 inhabitants. The high number of abandoned children, became a separate issue for the Government of West Nusa Tenggara Province, one of them in the field of education. Education is a social right of all citizens, but the empirical facts show that most neglected children in NTB has not gained access to education.
This study aims to reveal, to explain, to construct, to search for meaning, and describes about the social reality that the phenomenon of abandoned children with regard to their social rights as citizens namely the right to receive education services. The study was conducted by using a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. Data collection using in-depth interviews, observation participation, and the study of documents.
This study came to the conclusion that, the main cause of child neglect in NTB is poverty. While the lack of access to education for those related to the absence of a specific policy of the provincial government in relation education for neglected children. Educational services for neglected children done through orphanage at level of province, with a limited budget. Yet all parties claim that, education for abandoned children has significance meaning as a liberation from ignorance, oppression, and poverty.